The Pang Tong Yao

As previously noted, a hexagram’s “opposite” can be formed in two ways:  by physically inverting it, or by reversing the yang lines to yin and vice versa.  The former, known as the quian gua, is the method used to create most of the pairs in the traditional King Wen sequence.  But not every hexagram has a separate quian gua; if a hexagram is vertically symmetrical, the King Wen sequence pairs it with its reversed polarity opposite, the pang tong gua.

I was wondering what it would be like to ponder the judgment and line pairs formed by listing each hexagram beside its pang tong, rather than quian, gua.  Below is such a list; I call these line pairs the pang tong yao.  There are some interesting correspondences here and there.  A hexagram’s pang tong gua, and the result of changing its lines to form the anti-hexagram as described on the previous page, represent the “negative” of an I Ching reading:  what the current situation is not changing into, or what is being avoided by the indicated change.

On a side note, for those who see a relationship between the I Ching and the genetic code, this is the sort of relationship that DNA base pairs have, each line paired with its antisense opposite.

I have used a simple binary sequence for the hexagrams.  The decimal and octal (base 8) values of each hexagram are given beside the hexagram image; yin is 0, yang is 1, and the lines are read as a binary number from bottom to top.  Note that the octal values are simply the values of the trigrams, and make the hexagrams simple to look up.  Below is an index based on the traditional King Wen ordering, and a lookup table illustrating the octal values of the trigrams.

The Fu Xi sequence would be obtained by inverting each hexagram.  Note that the important thing about the pang tong yao is the pairings, not the sequence.

index
2. K’un / The Receptive 1. Ch’ien / The Creative
0 | 00 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
63 | 77 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
THE RECEPTIVE brings about sublime success,
Furthering through the perseverance of a mare.
If the superior man undertakes something and tries to lead,
He goes astray;
But if he follows, he finds guidance.
It is favorable to find friends in the west and south,
To forego friends in the east and north.
Quiet perseverance brings good fortune.
THE CREATIVE works sublime success,
Furthering through perseverance.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
When there is hoarfrost underfoot,
Solid ice is not far off.
Nine at the beginning means:
Hidden dragon. Do not act.
Six in the second place means:
Straight, square, great.
Without purpose,
Yet nothing remains unfurthered.
Nine in the second place means:
Dragon appearing in the field.
It furthers one to see the great man.
Six in the third place means:
Hidden lines.
One is able to remain persevering.
If by chance you are in the service of a king,
Seek not works, but bring to completion.
Nine in the third place means:
All day long the superior man is creatively active.
At nightfall his mind is still beset with cares.
Danger. No blame.
Six in the fourth place means:
A tied-up sack. No blame, no praise.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Wavering flight over the depths.
No blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
A yellow lower garment brings supreme good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Flying dragon in the heavens.
It furthers one to see the great man.
Six at the top means:
Their blood is black and yellow.
Nine at the top means:
Arrogant dragon will have cause to repent.
When all the lines are sixes, it means:
Lasting perseverance furthers.
When all the lines are nines, it means:
There appears a flight of dragons without heads.
Good fortune.
index
24. Fu / Return (The Turning Point) 44. Kou / Coming to Meet
1 | 01 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
62 | 76 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
RETURN. Success.
Going out and coming in without error.
Friends come without blame.
To and fro goes the way.
On the seventh day comes return.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.
COMING TO MEET. The maiden is powerful.
One should not marry such a maiden.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Return from a short distance.
No need for remorse.
Great good fortune.
Six at the beginning means:
It must be checked with a brake of bronze.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
If one lets it take its course, one experiences misfortune.
Even a lean pig has it in him to rage around.
Six in the second place means:
Quiet return. Good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
There is a fish in the tank. No blame.
Does not further guests.
Six in the third place means:
Repeated return. Danger. No blame.
Nine in the third place means:
There is no skin on his thighs,
And walking comes hard.
If one is mindful of the danger,
Six in the fourth place means:
Walking in the midst of others,
One returns alone.
Nine in the fourth place means:
No fish in the tank.
Six in the fifth place means:
Noblehearted return. No remorse.
Nine in the fifth place means:
A melon covered with willow leaves.
Hidden lines.
Then it drops down to one from heaven.
Six at the top means:
Missing the return. Misfortune.
Misfortune from within and without.
If armies are set marching in this way,
One will in the end suffer a great defeat,
Disastrous for the ruler of the country.
For ten years
It will not be possible to attack again.
Nine at the top means:
He comes to meet with his horns.
Humiliation. No blame.
index
7. Shih / The Army 13. T’ung Jên / Fellowship with Men
2 | 02 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
61 | 75 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
THE ARMY. The army needs perseverance
And a strong man.
Good fortune without blame.
FELLOWSHIP WITH MEN in the open.
Success.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
The perseverance of the superior man furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
An army must set forth in proper order.
If the order is not good, misfortune threatens.
Nine at the beginning means:
Fellowship with men at the gate.
No blame.
Nine in the second place means:
In the midst of the army.
Good fortune. No blame.
The king bestows a triple decoration.
Six in the second place means:
Fellowship with men in the clan.
Humiliation.
Six in the third place means:
Perchance the army carries corpses in the wagon.
Misfortune.
Nine in the third place means:
He hides weapons in the thicket;
He climbs the high hill in front of it.
For three years he does not rise up.
Six in the fourth place means:
The army retreats. No blame.
Nine in the fourth place means:
He climbs up on his wall; he cannot attack.
Good fortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
There is game in the field.
It furthers one to catch it.
Without blame.
Let the eldest lead the army.
The younger transports corpses;
Then perseverance brings misfortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Men bound in fellowship first weep and lament,
But afterward they laugh.
After great struggles they succeed in meeting.
Six at the top means:
The great prince issues commands,
Founds states, vests families with fiefs.
Inferior people should not be employed.
Nine at the top means:
Fellowship with men in the meadow.
No remorse.
index
19. Lin / Approach 33. Tun / Retreat
3 | 03 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
60 | 74 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
APPROACH has supreme success.
Perseverance furthers.
When the eighth month comes,
There will be misfortune.
RETREAT. Success.
In what is small, perseverance furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Joint approach.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Six at the beginning means:
At the tail in retreat. This is dangerous.
One must not wish to undertake anything.
Nine in the second place means:
Joint approach.
Good fortune.
Everything furthers.
Six in the second place means:
He holds him fast with yellow oxhide.
No one can tear him loose.
Six in the third place means:
Comfortable approach.
Nothing that would further.
If one is induced to grieve over it,
One becomes free of blame.
Nine in the third place means:
A halted retreat
Is nerve-wracking and dangerous.
To retain people as men—and maidservants
Brings good fortune.
Six in the fourth place means:
Complete approach.
No blame.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Voluntary retreat brings good fortune to the superior man
And downfall to the inferior man.
Six in the fifth place means:
Wise approach.
This is right for a great prince.
Good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Friendly retreat. Perseverance brings good fortune.
Six at the top means:
Greathearted approach.
Good fortune. No blame.
Nine at the top means:
Cheerful retreat. Everything serves to further.
index
15. Ch’ien / Modesty 10. Lü / Treading [Conduct]
4 | 04 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
59 | 73 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
MODESTY creates success.
The superior man carries things through.
It does not bite the man. Success.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
A superior man modest about his modesty
May cross the great water.
Good fortune.
Nine at the beginning means:
Simple conduct. Progress without blame.
Six in the second place means:
Modesty that comes to expression.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
The perseverance of a dark man
Brings good fortune.
Nine in the third place means:
A superior man of modesty and merit
Carries things to conclusion.
Good fortune.
Six in the third place means:
A one-eyed man is able to see,
A lame man is able to tread.
He treads on the tail of the tiger.
The tiger bites the man.
Misfortune.
Thus does a warrior act on behalf of his great prince.
Six in the fourth place means:
Nothing that would not further modesty
In movement.
Nine in the fourth place means:
He treads on the tail of the tiger.
Caution and circumspection
Six in the fifth place means:
No boasting of wealth before one’s neighbor.
It is favorable to attack with force.
Nothing that would not further.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Resolute conduct.
Perseverance with awareness of danger.
Six at the top means:
Modesty that comes to expression.
It is favorable to set armies marching
To chastise one’s own city and one’s country.
Nine at the top means:
Look to your conduct and weigh the favorable signs.
When everything is fulfilled, supreme good fortune comes.
index
36. Ming I / Darkening of the Light 6. Sung / Conflict
5 | 05 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
58 | 72 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
DARKENING OF THE LIGHT. In adversity
It furthers one to be persevering.
CONFLICT. You are sincere
And are being obstructed.
A cautious halt halfway brings good fortune.
Going through to the end brings misfortune.
It furthers one to see the great man.
It does not further one to cross the great water.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Darkening of the light during flight.
He lowers his wings.
The superior man does not eat for three days
On his wanderings.
But he has somewhere to go.
The host has occasion to gossip about him.
Six at the beginning means:
If one does not perpetuate the affair,
There is a little gossip.
In the end, good fortune comes.
Six in the second place means:
Darkening of the light injures him in the left thigh.
He gives aid with the strength of a horse.
Good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
One cannot engage in conflict;
One returns home, gives way.
The people of his town,
Three hundred households,
Remain free of guilt.
Nine in the third place means:
Darkening of the light during the hunt in the south.
One must not expect perseverance too soon.
Six in the third place means:
To nourish oneself on ancient virtue induces perseverance.
Danger. In the end, good fortune comes.
If by chance you are in the service of a king,
Seek not works.
Six in the fourth place means:
He penetrates the left side of the belly.
One gets at the very heart of the darkening of the light
And leaves gate and courtyard.
Nine in the fourth place means:
One cannot engage in conflict.
One turns back and submits to fate,
Changes one’s attitude,
And finds peace in perseverance.
Good fortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
Darkening of the light as with Prince Chi.
Perseverance furthers.
Nine in the fifth place means:
To contend before him
Brings supreme good fortune.
Six at the top means:
Not light but darkness.
First he climbed up to heaven,
Then he plunged into the depths of the earth.
Nine at the top means:
Even if by chance a leather belt is bestowed on one,
By the end of a morning
It will have been snatched away three times.
index
46. Shêng / Pushing Upward 25. Wu Wang / Innocence (The Unexpected)
6 | 06 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
57 | 71 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
PUSHING UPWARD has supreme success.
One must see the great man.
Fear not.
Departure toward the south
Brings good fortune.
INNOCENCE. Supreme success.
Perseverance furthers.
If someone is not as he should be,
He has misfortune,
And it does not further him
To undertake anything.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Pushing upward that meets with confidence
Brings great good fortune.
Nine at the beginning means:
Innocent behavior brings good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
If one is sincere,
It furthers one to bring even a small offering.
No blame.
Six in the second place means:
If one does not count on the harvest while plowing,
Nor on the use of the ground while clearing it,
It furthers one to undertake something.
Nine in the third place means:
One pushes upward into an empty city.
Six in the third place means:
Undeserved misfortune.
The cow that was tethered by someone
Is the wanderer’s gain, the citizen’s loss.
Six in the fourth place means:
The king offers him Mount Ch’i.
Good fortune. No blame.
Nine in the fourth place means:
He who can be persevering
Remains without blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
One pushes upward by steps.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Use no medicine in an illness
Incurred through no fault of your own.
It will pass of itself.
Six at the top means:
Pushing upward in darkness.
It furthers one
To be unremittingly persevering.
Nine at the top means:
Innocent action brings misfortune.
Nothing furthers.
index
11. T’ai / Peace 12. P’i / Standstill [Stagnation]
7 | 07 above K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
56 | 70 above CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
PEACE. The small departs,
The great approaches.
Good fortune. Success.
STANDSTILL. Evil people do not further
The perseverance of the superior man.
The great departs; the small approaches.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
When ribbon grass is pulled up, the sod comes with it.
Each according to his kind.
Undertakings bring good fortune.
Six at the beginning means:
When ribbon grass is pulled up, the sod comes with it.
Each according to his kind.
Perseverance brings good fortune and success.
Nine in the second place means:
Bearing with the uncultured in gentleness,
Fording the river with resolution,
Not neglecting what is distant,
Not regarding one’s companions:
Thus one may manage to walk in the middle.
Six in the second place means:
They bear and endure;
This means good fortune for inferior people.
The standstill serves to help the great man to attain success.
Nine in the third place means:
No plain not followed by a slope.
No going not followed by a return.
He who remains persevering in danger
Is without blame.
Enjoy the good fortune you still possess.
Six in the third place means:
They bear shame.
Six in the fourth place means:
He flutters down, not boasting of his wealth,
Together with his neighbor,
Guileless and sincere.
Nine in the fourth place means:
He who acts at the command of the highest
Remains without blame.
Those of like mind partake of the blessing.
Six in the fifth place means:
The sovereign I
Gives his daughter in marriage.
This brings blessing
And supreme good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Standstill is giving way.
Good fortune for the great man.
“What if it should fail, what if it should fail?”
In this way he ties it to a cluster of mulberry shoots.
Six at the top means:
The wall falls back into the moat.
Use no army now.
Perseverance brings humiliation.
Nine at the top means:
The standstill comes to an end.
First standstill, then good fortune.
index
16. Yü / Enthusiasm 9. Hsiao Ch’u / The Taming Power of the Small
8 | 10 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
55 | 67 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
ENTHUSIASM. It furthers one to install helpers
And to set armies marching.
THE TAMING POWER OF THE SMALL
Has success.
Dense clouds, no rain from our western region.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Enthusiasm that expresses itself
Brings misfortune.
Nine at the beginning means:
How could there be blame in this?
Good fortune.
Six in the second place means:
Firm as a rock. Not a whole day.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
He allows himself to be drawn into returning.
Good fortune.
Six in the third place means:
Enthusiasm that looks upward creates remorse.
Hesitation brings remorse.
Nine in the third place means:
The spokes burst out of the wagon wheels,
Man and wife roll their eyes.
Nine in the fourth place means:
The source of enthusiasm.
He achieves great things.
Doubt not.
You gather friends around you
As a hair clasp gathers the hair.
Six in the fourth place means:
If you are sincere, blood vanishes and fear gives way.
No blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
Persistently ill, and still does not die.
Nine in the fifth place means:
If you are sincere and loyally attached,
You are rich in your neighbor.
Six at the top means:
Deluded enthusiasm.
But if after completion one changes,
There is no blame.
Nine at the top means:
The rain comes, there is rest.
This is due to the lasting effect of character.
Perseverance brings the woman into danger.
The moon is nearly full.
If the superior man persists,
Misfortune comes.
index
51. Chên / The Arousing (Shock, Thunder) 57. Sun / The Gentle (The Penetrating, Wind)
9 | 11 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
54 | 66 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
SHOCK brings success.
Shock comes—oh, oh!
Laughing words—ha, ha!
The shock terrifies for a hundred miles,
And he does not let fall the sacrificial spoon and chalice.
THE GENTLE. Success through what is small.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.
It furthers one to see the great man.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Shock comes—oh, oh!
Good fortune.
Six at the beginning means:
The perseverance of a warrior furthers.
Six in the second place means:
Shock comes bringing danger.
A hundred thousand times
And must climb the nine hills.
Do not go in pursuit of them.
After seven days you will get them back again.
Nine in the second place means:
Penetration under the bed.
Priests and magicians are used in great number.
Good fortune. No blame.
Six in the third place means:
Shock comes and makes one distraught.
If shock spurs to action
One remains free of misfortune.
Nine in the third place means:
Repeated penetration. Humiliation.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Shock is mired.
Six in the fourth place means:
Remorse vanishes.
During the hunt
Three kinds of game are caught.
Six in the fifth place means:
Shock goes hither and thither.
Danger.
However, nothing at all is lost.
Yet there are things to be done.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse vanishes.
Nothing that does not further.
No beginning, but an end.
Before the change, three days.
After the change, three days.
Good fortune.
Six at the top means:
Shock brings ruin and terrified gazing around.
If it has not yet touched one’s own body
But has reached one’s neighbor first,
There is no blame.
Nine at the top means:
Penetration under the bed.
He loses his property and his ax.
Perseverance brings misfortune.
index
40. Hsieh / Deliverance 37. Chia Jên / The Family [The Clan]
10 | 12 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
53 | 65 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
DELIVERANCE. The southwest furthers.
If there is no longer anything where one has to go,
Return brings good fortune.
If there is still something where one has to go,
Hastening brings good fortune.
THE FAMILY. The perseverance of the woman furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Without blame.
Nine at the beginning means:
Firm seclusion within the family.
Remorse disappears.
Nine in the second place means:
One kills three foxes in the field
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Six in the second place means:
She should not follow her whims.
She must attend within to the food.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Six in the third place means:
If a man carries a burden on his back
And nonetheless rides in a carriage,
He thereby encourages robbers to draw near.
Nine in the third place means:
When tempers flare up in the family,
Too great severity brings remorse.
Good fortune nonetheless.
When woman and child dally and laugh
It leads in the end to humiliation.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Deliver yourself from your great toe.
Then the companion comes,
And him you can trust.
Six in the fourth place means:
She is the treasure of the house.
Great good fortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
If only the superior man can deliver himself,
It brings good fortune.
Thus he proves to inferior men that he is in earnest.
Nine in the fifth place means:
As a king he approaches his family.
Fear not.
Good fortune.
Six at the top means:
The prince shoots at a hawk on a high wall.
He kills it. Everything serves to further.
Nine at the top means:
His work commands respect.
In the end good fortune comes.
index
54. Kuei Mei / The Marrying Maiden 53. Chien / Development (Gradual Progress)
11 | 13 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
52 | 64 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
THE MARRYING MAIDEN.
Undertakings bring misfortune.
Nothing that would further.
DEVELOPMENT. The maiden
Is given in marriage.
Good fortune.
Perseverance furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
The marrying maiden as a concubine.
A lame man who is able to tread.
Undertakings bring good fortune.
Six at the beginning means:
The wild goose gradually draws near the shore.
The young son is in danger.
There is talk. No blame.
Nine in the second place means:
A one-eyed man who is able to see.
The perseverance of a solitary man furthers.
Six in the second place means:
The wild goose gradually draws near the cliff.
Eating and drinking in peace and concord.
Good fortune.
Six in the third place means:
The marrying maiden as a slave.
She marries as a concubine.
Nine in the third place means:
The wild goose gradually draws near the plateau.
The man goes forth and does not return.
The woman carries a child but does not bring it forth.
Misfortune.
It furthers one to fight off robbers.
Nine in the fourth place means:
The marrying maiden draws out the allotted time.
A late marriage comes in due course.
Six in the fourth place means:
The wild goose gradually draws near the tree.
Perhaps it will find a flat branch. No blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
The sovereign I gave his daughter in marriage.
The embroidered garments of the princess
Were not as gorgeous
As those of the servingmaid.
The moon that is nearly full
Brings good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
The wild goose gradually draws near the summit.
For three years the woman has no child.
In the end nothing can hinder her.
Good fortune.
Six at the top means:
The woman holds the basket, but there are no fruits in it.
The man stabs the sheep, but no blood flows.
Nothing that acts to further.
Nine at the top means:
The wild goose gradually draws near the cloud heights.
Its feathers can be used for the sacred dance.
Good fortune.
index
62. Hsiao Kuo / Preponderance of the Small 61. Chung Fu / Inner Truth
12 | 14 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
51 | 63 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
PREPONDERANCE OF THE SMALL. Success.
Perseverance furthers.
Small things may be done; great things should not be done.
The flying bird brings the message:
It is not well to strive upward,
It is well to remain below.
Great good fortune.
INNER TRUTH. Pigs and fishes.
Good fortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
Perseverance furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
The bird meets with misfortune through flying.
Nine at the beginning means:
Being prepared brings good fortune.
If there are secret designs, it is disquieting.
Six in the second place means:
She passes by her ancestor
And meets her ancestress.
He does not reach his prince
And meets the official.
No blame.
Nine in the second place means:
A crane calling in the shade.
I have a good goblet.
I will share it with you.
Nine in the third place means:
If one is not extremely careful,
Somebody may come up from behind and strike him.
Misfortune.
Six in the third place means:
Now he beats the drum, now he stops.
Now he sobs, now he sings.
Nine in the fourth place means:
No blame. He meets him without passing by.
Going brings danger. One must be on guard.
Do not act. Be constantly persevering.
Six in the fourth place means:
The moon nearly at the full.
The team horse goes astray.
No blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
Dense clouds,
No rain from our western territory.
The prince shoots and hits him who is in the cave.
Nine in the fifth place means:
He possesses truth, which links together.
No blame.
Six at the top means:
He passes him by, not meeting him.
The flying bird leaves him.
Misfortune.
This means bad luck and injury.
Nine at the top means:
Cockcrow penetrating to heaven.
Perseverance brings misfortune.
index
55. Fêng / Abundance [Fullness] 59. Huan / Dispersion [Dissolution]
13 | 15 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
50 | 62 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
ABUNDANCE has success.
The king attains abundance.
Be like the sun at midday.
DISPERSION. Success.
The king approaches his temple.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
Perseverance furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
When a man meets his destined ruler,
They can be together ten days,
And it is not a mistake.
Going meets with recognition.
Six at the beginning means:
He brings help with the strength of a horse.
Good fortune.
Six in the second place means:
The curtain is of such fullness
That the polestars can be seen at noon.
Through going one meets with mistrust and hate.
If one rouses him through truth,
Good fortune comes.
Nine in the second place means:
At the dissolution
He hurries to that which supports him.
Remorse disappears.
Nine in the third place means:
The underbrush is of such abundance
That the small stars can be seen at noon.
He breaks his right arm. No blame.
Six in the third place means:
He dissolves his self. No remorse.
Nine in the fourth place means:
The curtain is of such fullness
That the polestars can be seen at noon.
He meets his ruler, who is of like kind.
Good fortune.
Six in the fourth place means:
He dissolves his bond with his group.
Supreme good fortune.
Dispersion leads in turn to accumulation.
This is something that ordinary men do not think of.
Six in the fifth place means:
Lines are coming,
Blessing and fame draw near.
Good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
His loud cries are as dissolving as sweat.
Dissolution! A king abides without blame.
Six at the top means:
His house is in a state of abundance.
He screens off his family.
He peers through the gate
And no longer perceives anyone.
For three years he sees nothing.
Misfortune.
Nine at the top means:
He dissolves his blood.
Departing, keeping at a distance, going out,
Is without blame.
index
32. Hêng / Duration 42. I / Increase
14 | 16 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
49 | 61 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
DURATION. Success. No blame.
Perseverance furthers.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.
INCREASE. It furthers one
To undertake something.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Seeking duration too hastily brings misfortune persistently.
Nothing that would further.
Nine at the beginning means:
It furthers one to accomplish great deeds.
Supreme good fortune. No blame.
Nine in the second place means:
Remorse disappears.
Six in the second place means:
Someone does indeed increase him;
Ten pairs of tortoises cannot oppose it.
Constant perseverance brings good fortune.
The king presents him before God.
Good fortune.
Nine in the third place means:
He who does not give duration to his character
Meets with disgrace.
Persistent humiliation.
Six in the third place means:
One is enriched through unfortunate events.
No blame, if you are sincere
And walk in the middle,
And report with a seal to the prince.
Nine in the fourth place means:
No game in the field.
Six in the fourth place means:
If you walk in the middle
And report to the prince,
He will follow.
It furthers one to be used
In the removal of the capital.
Six in the fifth place means:
Giving duration to one’s character through perseverance.
This is good fortune for a woman, misfortune for a man.
Nine in the fifth place means:
If in truth you have a kind heart, ask not.
Supreme good fortune.
Truly, kindness will be recognized as your virtue.
Six at the top means:
Restlessness as an enduring condition brings misfortune.
Nine at the top means:
He brings increase to no one.
Indeed, someone even strikes him.
He does not keep his heart constantly steady.
Misfortune.
index
34. Ta Chuang / The Power of the Great 20. Kuan / Contemplation (View)
15 | 17 above CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
48 | 60 above SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
THE POWER OF THE GREAT. Perseverance furthers. CONTEMPLATION. The ablution has been made,
But not yet the offering.
Full of trust they look up to him.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Power in the toes.
Continuing brings misfortune.
This is certainly true.
Six at the beginning means:
Boylike contemplation.
For an inferior man, no blame.
For a superior man, humiliation.
Nine in the second place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Six in the second place means:
Contemplation through the crack of the door.
Furthering for the perseverance of a woman.
Nine in the third place means:
The inferior man works through power.
The superior man does not act thus.
To continue is dangerous.
A goat butts against a hedge
And gets its horns entangled.
Six in the third place means:
Contemplation of my life
Decides the choice
Nine in the fourth place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
The hedge opens; there is no entanglement.
Power depends upon the axle of a big cart.
Six in the fourth place means:
Contemplation of the light of the kingdom.
It furthers one to exert influence as the guest of a king.
Six in the fifth place means:
Loses the goat with ease.
No remorse.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Contemplation of my life.
The superior man is without blame.
Six at the top means:
A goat butts against a hedge.
It cannot go backward, it cannot go forward.
Nothing serves to further.
If one notes the difficulty, this brings good fortune.
Nine at the top means:
Contemplation of his life.
The superior man is without blame.
index
8. Pi / Holding Together [Union] 14. Ta Yu / Possession in Great Measure
16 | 20 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
47 | 57 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
HOLDING TOGETHER brings good fortune.
Inquire of the oracle once again
Whether you possess sublimity, constancy, and perseverance;
Then there is no blame.
Those who are uncertain gradually join.
Whoever come too late
Meets with misfortune.
POSSESSION IN GREAT MEASURE.
Supreme success.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Hold to him in truth and loyalty;
This is without blame.
Truth, like a full earthen bowl:
Thus in the end
Good fortune comes from without.
Nine at the beginning means:
No relationship with what is harmful;
There is no blame in this.
If one remains conscious of difficulty,
One remains without blame.
Six in the second place means:
Hold to him inwardly.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
One may undertake something.
No blame.
Six in the third place means:
You hold together with the wrong people.
Nine in the third place means:
A prince offers it to the Son of Heaven.
A petty man cannot do this.
Six in the fourth place means:
Hold to him outwardly also.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Nine in the fourth place means:
He makes a difference
Between himself and his neighbor.
No blame.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Manifestation of holding together.
In the hunt the king uses beaters on three sides only
And forgoes game that runs off in front.
The citizens need no warning.
Good fortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
He whose truth is accessible, yet dignified,
Has good fortune.
Six at the top means:
He finds no head for holding together.
Misfortune.
Nine at the top means:
He is blessed by heaven.
Good fortune.
Nothing that does not further.
index
3. Chun / Difficulty at the Beginning 50. Ting / The Caldron
17 | 21 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
46 | 56 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
DIFFICULTY AT THE BEGINNING works supreme success,
Furthering through perseverance.
Nothing should be undertaken.
It furthers one to appoint helpers.
THE CALDRON. Supreme good fortune.
Success.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Hesitation and hindrance.
It furthers one to remain persevering.
It furthers one to appoint helpers.
Six at the beginning means:
A ting with legs upturned.
Furthers removal of stagnating stuff.
One takes a concubine for the sake of her son.
No blame.
Six in the second place means:
Difficulties pile up.
Horse and wagon part.
He is not a robber;
He wants to woo when the time comes.
The maiden is chaste,
She does not pledge herself.
Ten years—then she pledges herself.
Nine in the second place means:
There is food in the ting.
But they cannot harm me.
Good fortune.
Six in the third place means:
Whoever hunts deer without the forester
Only loses his way in the forest.
The superior man understands the signs of the time
And prefers to desist.
To go on brings humiliation.
Nine in the third place means:
The handle of the ting is altered.
One is impeded in his way of life.
The fat of the pheasant is not eaten.
Once rain falls, remorse is spent.
Good fortune comes in the end.
Six in the fourth place means:
Horse and wagon part.
Strive for union.
To go brings good fortune.
Everything acts to further.
Nine in the fourth place means:
The legs of the ting are broken.
The prince’s meal is spilled
And his person is soiled.
Misfortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Difficulties in blessing.
A little perseverance brings good fortune.
Great perseverance brings misfortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
The ting has yellow handles, golden carrying rings.
Perseverance furthers.
Six at the top means:
Horse and wagon part.
Bloody tears flow.
Nine at the top means:
The ting has rings of jade.
Great good fortune.
Nothing that would not act to further.
index
29. K’an / The Abysmal (Water) 30. Li / The Clinging, Fire
18 | 22 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
45 | 55 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
The Abysmal repeated.
If you are sincere, you have success in your heart,
And whatever you do succeeds.
THE CLINGING. Perseverance furthers.
It brings success.
Care of the cow brings good fortune.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Repetition of the Abysmal.
In the abyss one falls into a pit.
Misfortune.
Nine at the beginning means:
The footprints run crisscross.
If one is seriously intent, no blame.
Nine in the second place means:
The abyss is dangerous.
One should strive to attain small things only.
Six in the second place means:
Yellow light. Supreme good fortune.
Six in the third place means:
Forward and backward, abyss on abyss.
In danger like this, pause at first and wait,
Otherwise you will fall into a pit in the abyss.
Do not act this way.
Nine in the third place means:
In the light of the setting sun,
Men either beat the pot and sing
Or loudly bewail the approach of old age.
Misfortune.
Six in the fourth place means:
A jug of wine, a bowl of rice with it;
Earthen vessels
Simply handed in through the window.
There is certainly no blame in this.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Its coming is sudden;
It flames up, dies down, is thrown away.
Nine in the fifth place means:
The abyss is not filled to overflowing,
It is filled only to the rim.
No blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
Tears in floods, sighing and lamenting.
Good fortune.
Six at the top means:
Bound with cords and ropes,
Shut in between thorn-hedged prison walls:
For three years one does not find the way.
Misfortune.
Nine at the top means:
The king uses him to march forth and chastise.
Then it is best to kill the leaders
And take captive the followers. No blame.
index
60. Chieh / Limitation 56. Lü / The Wanderer
19 | 23 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
44 | 54 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
LIMITATION. Success.
Galling limitation must not be persevered in.
THE WANDERER. Success through smallness.
Perseverance brings good fortune
To the wanderer.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Not going out of the door and the courtyard
Is without blame.
Six at the beginning means:
If the wanderer busies himself with trivial things,
He draws down misfortune upon himself.
Nine in the second place means:
Not going out of the gate and the courtyard
Brings misfortune.
Six in the second place means:
The wanderer comes to an inn.
He has his property with him.
He wins the steadfastness of a young servant.
Six in the third place means:
He who knows no limitation
Will have cause to lament.
No blame.
Nine in the third place means:
The wanderer’s inn burns down.
He loses the steadfastness of his young servant.
Danger.
Six in the fourth place means:
Contented limitation. Success.
Nine in the fourth place means:
The wanderer rests in a shelter.
He obtains his property and an ax.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Sweet limitation brings good fortune.
Going brings esteem.
Six in the fifth place means:
He shoots a pheasant.
It drops with the first arrow.
In the end this brings both praise and office.
Six at the top means:
Galling limitation.
Perseverance brings misfortune.
Remorse disappears.
Nine at the top means:
The bird’s nest burns up.
The wanderer laughs at first,
Then must needs lament and weep.
Through carelessness he loses his cow.
Misfortune.
index
39. Chien / Obstruction 38. K’uei / Opposition
20 | 24 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
43 | 53 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
OBSTRUCTION. The southwest furthers.
The northeast does not further.
It furthers one to see the great man.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
OPPOSITION. In small matters, good fortune.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
Coming meets with praise.
Nine at the beginning means:
Remorse disappears.
If you lose your horse, do not run after it;
It will come back of its own accord.
When you see evil people,
Guard yourself against mistakes.
Six in the second place means:
The king’s servant is beset by obstruction upon obstruction,
But it is not his own fault.
Nine in the second place means:
One meets his lord in a narrow street.
No blame.
Nine in the third place means:
Hence he comes back.
Six in the third place means:
One sees the wagon dragged back,
The oxen halted,
A man’s hair and nose cut off.
Not a good beginning, but a good end.
Six in the fourth place means:
Nine in the fourth place means:
Isolated through opposition,
One meets a like-minded man
With whom one can associate in good faith.
Despite the danger, no blame.
Nine in the fifth place means:
In the midst of the greatest obstructions,
Friends come.
Six in the fifth place means:
Remorse disappears.
The companion bites his way through the wrappings.
If one goes to him,
How could it be a mistake?
Six at the top means:
Coming leads to great good fortune.
It furthers one to see the great man.
Nine at the top means:
Isolated through opposition,
One sees one’s companion as a pig covered with dirt,
As a wagon full of devils.
First one draws a bow against him,
Then one lays the bow aside.
He is not a robber; he will woo at the right time.
As one goes, rain falls; then good fortune comes.
index
63. Chi Chi / After Completion 64. Wei Chi / Before Completion
21 | 25 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
42 | 52 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
AFTER COMPLETION. Success in small matters.
Perseverance furthers.
At the beginning good fortune,
At the end disorder.
BEFORE COMPLETION. Success.
But if the little fox, after nearly completing the crossing,
Gets his tail in the water,
There is nothing that would further.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
He brakes his wheels.
He gets his tail in the water.
No blame.
Six at the beginning means:
He gets his tail in the water.
Humiliating.
Six in the second place means:
The woman loses the curtain of her carriage.
Do not run after it;
On the seventh day you will get it.
Nine in the second place means:
He brakes his wheels.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Nine in the third place means:
The Illustrious Ancestor
Disciplines the Devil’s Country.
After three years he conquers it.
Inferior people must not be employed.
Six in the third place means:
Before completion, attack brings misfortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
Six in the fourth place means:
The finest clothes turn to rags.
Be careful all day long.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
Shock, thus to discipline the Devil’s Country.
For three years, great realms are awarded.
Nine in the fifth place means:
The neighbor in the east who slaughters an ox
Does not attain as much real happiness
As the neighbor in the west
With his small offering.
Six in the fifth place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
No remorse.
The light of the superior man is true.
Good fortune.
Six at the top means:
He gets his head in the water. Danger.
Nine at the top means:
There is drinking of wine
In genuine confidence. No blame.
But if one wets his head,
He loses it, in truth.
index
48. Ching / The Well 21. Shih Ho / Biting Through
22 | 26 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
41 | 51 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
THE WELL. The town may be changed,
But the well cannot be changed.
It neither decreases nor increases.
They come and go and draw from the well.
If one gets down almost to the water
And the rope does not go all the way,
Or the jug breaks, it brings misfortune.
BITING THROUGH has success.
It is favorable to let justice be administered.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
One does not drink the mud of the well.
No animals come to an old well.
Nine at the beginning means:
His feet are fastened in the stocks,
So that his toes disappear.
No blame.
Nine in the second place means:
At the wellhole one shoots fishes.
The jug is broken and leaks.
Six in the second place means:
Bites through tender meat,
So that his nose disappears.
No blame.
Nine in the third place means:
The well is cleaned, but no one drinks from it.
This is my heart’s sorrow,
For one might draw from it.
If the king were clear-minded,
Good fortune might be enjoyed in common.
Six in the third place means:
Bites on old dried meat
And strikes on something poisonous.
Slight humiliation. No blame.
Six in the fourth place means:
The well is being lined. No blame.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Bites on dried gristly meat.
It furthers one to be mindful of difficulties
And to be persevering.
Good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
In the well there is a clear, cold spring
From which one can drink.
Six in the fifth place means:
Bites on dried lean meat.
Perseveringly aware of danger.
No blame.
Six at the top means:
One draws from the well
Without hindrance.
It is dependable.
Supreme good fortune.
Nine at the top means:
His neck is fastened in the wooden cangue,
So that his ears disappear.
Misfortune.
index
5. Hsü / Waiting (Nourishment) 35. Chin / Progress
23 | 27 above K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
40 | 50 above LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
WAITING. If you are sincere,
You have light and success.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
PROGRESS. The powerful prince
Is honored with horses in large numbers.
In a single day he is granted audience three times.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
It furthers one to abide in what endures.
No blame.
Six at the beginning means:
Progressing, but turned back.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
If one meets with no confidence, one should remain calm.
No mistake.
Nine in the second place means:
Waiting on the sand.
There is some gossip.
The end brings good fortune.
Six in the second place means:
Progressing, but in sorrow.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Then one obtains great happiness from one’s ancestress.
Nine in the third place means:
Waiting in the mud
Brings about the arrival of the enemy.
Six in the third place means:
All are in accord. Remorse disappears.
Six in the fourth place means:
Waiting in blood.
Get out of the pit.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Progress like a hamster.
Perseverance brings danger.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Waiting at meat and drink.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
Remorse disappears.
Take not gain and loss to heart.
Undertakings bring good fortune.
Everything serves to further.
Six at the top means:
One falls into the pit.
Three uninvited guests arrive.
Honor them, and in the end there will be good fortune.
Nine at the top means:
Making progress with the horns is permissible
Only for the purpose of punishing one’s own city.
To be conscious of danger brings good fortune.
No blame.
Perseverance brings humiliation.
index
45. Ts’ui / Gathering Together [Massing] 26. Ta Ch’u / The Taming Power of the Great
24 | 30 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
39 | 47 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
GATHERING TOGETHER. Success.
The king approaches his temple.
It furthers one to see the great man.
This brings success. Perseverance furthers.
To bring great offerings creates good fortune.
It furthers one to undertake something.
THE TAMING POWER OF THE GREAT.
Perseverance furthers.
Not eating at home brings good fortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
If you are sincere, but not to the end,
There will sometimes be confusion, sometimes gathering together.
If you call out,
Then after one grasp of the hand you can laugh again.
Regret not. Going is without blame.
Nine at the beginning means:
Danger is at hand. It furthers one to desist.
Six in the second place means:
Letting oneself be drawn
Brings good fortune and remains blameless.
If one is sincere,
It furthers one to bring even a small offering.
Nine in the second place means:
The axletrees are taken from the wagon.
Six in the third place means:
Gathering together amid sighs.
Nothing that would further.
Going is without blame.
Slight humiliation.
Nine in the third place means:
A good horse that follows others.
Awareness of danger,
With perseverance, furthers.
Practice chariot driving and armed defense daily.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Great good fortune. No blame.
Six in the fourth place means:
The headboard of a young bull.
Great good fortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
If in gathering together one has position,
This brings no blame.
If there are some who are not yet sincerely in the work,
Sublime and enduring perseverance is needed.
Then remorse disappears.
Six in the fifth place means:
The tusk of a gelded boar.
Good fortune.
Six at the top means:
Lamenting and sighing, floods of tears.
No blame.
Nine at the top means:
One attains the way of heaven. Success.
index
17. Sui / Following 18. Ku / Work on What Has Been Spoiled [Decay]
25 | 31 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
38 | 46 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
FOLLOWING has supreme success.
Perseverance furthers. No blame.
WORK ON WHAT HAS BEEN SPOILED
Has supreme success.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
Before the starting point, three days.
After the starting point, three days.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
The standard is changing.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
To go out of the door in company
Produces deeds.
Six in the beginning means:
Setting right what has been spoiled by the father.
If there is a son,
No blame rests upon the departed father.
Danger. In the end good fortune.
Six in the second place means:
If one clings to the little boy,
One loses the strong man.
Nine in the second place means:
Setting right what has been spoiled by the mother.
One must not be too persevering.
Six in the third place means:
If one clings to the strong man,
One loses the little boy.
Through following one finds what one seeks.
It furthers one to remain persevering.
Nine in the third place means:
Setting right what has been spoiled by the father.
There will be a little remorse. No great blame.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Following creates success.
Perseverance brings misfortune.
To go one’s way with sincerity brings clarity.
How could there be blame in this?
Six in the fourth place means:
Tolerating what has been spoiled by the father.
In continuing one sees humiliation.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Sincere in the good. Good fortune.
Six in the fifth place means:
Setting right what has been spoiled by the father.
One meets with praise.
Six at the top means:
He meets with firm allegiance
And is still further bound.
The king introduces him
To the Western Mountain.
Nine at the top means:
He does not serve kings and princes,
Sets himself higher goals.
index
47. K’un / Oppression (Exhaustion) 22. Pi / Grace
26 | 32 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
37 | 45 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
OPPRESSION. Success. Perseverance.
The great man brings about good fortune.
No blame.
When one has something to say,
It is not believed.
GRACE has success.
In small matters
It is favorable to undertake something.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
One sits oppressed under a bare tree
And strays into a gloomy valley.
For three years one sees nothing.
Nine at the beginning means:
He lends grace to his toes, leaves the carriage, and walks.
Nine in the second place means:
One is oppressed while at meat and drink.
The man with the scarlet knee bands is just coming.
It furthers one to offer sacrifice.
To set forth brings misfortune.
No blame.
Six in the second place means:
Lends grace to the beard on his chin.
Six in the third place means:
A man permits himself to be oppressed by stone,
And leans on thorns and thistles.
He enters his house and does not see his wife.
Misfortune.
Nine in the third place means:
Graceful and moist.
Constant perseverance brings good fortune.
Nine in the fourth place means:
He comes very quietly, oppressed in a golden carriage.
Humiliation, but the end is reached.
Six in the fourth place means:
Grace or simplicity?
A white horse comes as if on wings.
He is not a robber,
He will woo at the right time.
Nine in the fifth place means:
His nose and feet are cut off.
Oppression at the hands of the man with the purple knee bands.
Joy comes softly.
It furthers one to make offerings and libations.
Six in the fifth place means:
Grace in hills and gardens.
The roll of silk is meager and small.
Humiliation, but in the end good fortune.
Six at the top means:
He is oppressed by creeping vines.
He moves uncertainly and says, “Movement brings remorse.”
If one feels remorse over this and makes a start,
Good fortune comes.
Nine at the top means:
Simple grace. No blame.
index
58. Tui / The Joyous, Lake 52. Kên / Keeping Still, Mountain
27 | 33 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
36 | 44 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
THE JOYOUS. Success.
Perseverance is favorable.
KEEPING STILL. Keeping his back still
So that he no longer feels his body.
He goes into his courtyard
And does not see his people.
No blame.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Contented joyousness. Good fortune.
Six at the beginning means:
Keeping his toes still.
No blame.
Continued perseverance furthers.
Nine in the second place means:
Sincere joyousness. Good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
Six in the second place means:
Keeping his calves still.
He cannot rescue him whom he follows.
Six in the third place means:
Coming joyousness. Misfortune.
Nine in the third place means:
Keeping his hips still.
Making his sacrum stiff.
Dangerous. The heart suffocates.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Joyousness that is weighed is not at peace.
After ridding himself of mistakes a man has joy.
Six in the fourth place means:
Keeping his trunk still.
No blame.
Nine in the fifth place means:
Sincerity toward disintegrating influences is dangerous.
Six in the fifth place means:
Keeping his jaws still.
The words have order.
Remorse disappears.
Six at the top means:
Seductive joyousness.
Nine at the top means:
Noblehearted keeping still.
Good fortune.
index
31. Hsien / Influence (Wooing) 41. Sun / Decrease
28 | 34 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
35 | 43 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
Influence. Success.
Perseverance furthers.
To take a maiden to wife brings good fortune.
DECREASE combined with sincerity
Without blame.
One may be persevering in this.
It furthers one to undertake something.
How is this to be carried out?
One may use two small bowls for the sacrifice.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
The influence shows itself in the big toe.
Nine at the beginning means:
Going quickly when one’s tasks are finished
Is without blame.
But one must reflect on how much one may decrease others.
Six in the second place means:
The influence shows itself in the calves of the legs.
Misfortune.
Tarrying brings good fortune.
Nine in the second place means:
Perseverance furthers.
To undertake something brings misfortune.
Without decreasing oneself,
One is able to bring increase to others.
Nine in the third place means:
The influence shows itself in the thighs.
Holds to that which follows it.
To continue is humiliating.
Six in the third place means:
When three people journey together,
Their number decreases by one.
When one man journeys alone,
He finds a companion.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Remorse disappears.
If a man is agitated in mind,
And his thoughts go hither and thither,
Only those friends
On whom he fixes his conscious thoughts
Will follow.
Six in the fourth place means:
If a man decreases his faults,
It makes the other hasten to come and rejoice.
No blame.
Nine in the fifth place means:
The influence shows itself in the back of the neck.
No remorse.
Six in the fifth place means:
Someone does indeed increase him.
Ten pairs of tortoises cannot oppose it.
Supreme good fortune.
Six at the top means:
The influence shows itself in the jaws, cheeks, and tongue.
Nine at the top means:
If one is increased without depriving others,
There is no blame.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
It furthers one to undertake something.
One obtains servants
But no longer has a separate home.
index
49. Ko / Revolution (Molting) 4. Mêng / Youthful Folly
29 | 35 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below LI THE CLINGING, FIRE
34 | 42 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below K’AN THE ABYSMAL, WATER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
You are believed.
Supreme success,
Furthering through perseverance.
Remorse disappears.
YOUTHFUL FOLLY has success.
It is not I who seek the young fool;
The young fool seeks me.
At the first oracle I inform him.
If he asks two or three times, it is importunity.
If he importunes, I give him no information.
Perseverance furthers.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Wrapped in the hide of a yellow cow.
Six at the beginning means:
To make a fool develop
It furthers one to apply discipline.
The fetters should be removed.
To go on in this way bring humiliation.
Six in the second place means:
When one’s own day comes, one may create revolution.
Starting brings good fortune. No blame.
Nine in the second place means:
To bear with fools in kindliness brings good fortune.
To know how to take women
Brings good fortune.
The son is capable of taking charge of the household.
Nine in the third place means:
Starting brings misfortune.
Perseverance brings danger.
When talk of revolution has gone the rounds three times,
One may commit himself,
And men will believe him.
Six in the third place means:
Take not a maiden who, when she sees a man of bronze,
Loses possession of herself.
Nothing furthers.
Nine in the fourth place means:
Remorse disappears. Men believe him.
Changing the form of government brings good fortune.
Six in the fourth place means:
Entangled folly bring humiliation.
Nine in the fifth place means:
The great man changes like a tiger.
Even before he questions the oracle
He is believed.
Six in the fifth place means:
Childlike folly brings good fortune.
Six at the top means:
The superior man changes like a panther.
The inferior man molts in the face.
Starting brings misfortune.
To remain persevering brings good fortune.
Nine at the top means:
In punishing folly
It does not further one
To commit transgressions.
The only thing that furthers
Is to prevent transgressions.
index
28. Ta Kuo / Preponderance of the Great 27. I / The Corners of the Mouth (Providing Nourishment)
30 | 36 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below SUN THE GENTLE, WIND, WOOD
33 | 41 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below CHÊN THE AROUSING, THUNDER
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
PREPONDERANCE OF THE GREAT.
The ridgepole sags to the breaking point.
It furthers one to have somewhere to go.
Success.
THE CORNERS OF THE MOUTH.
Perseverance brings good fortune.
Pay heed to the providing of nourishment
And to what a man seeks
To fill his own mouth with.
THE LINES THE LINES
Six at the beginning means:
No blame.
Nine at the beginning means:
You let your magic tortoise go,
And look at me with the corners of your mouth drooping.
Misfortune.
Nine in the second place means:
A dry poplar sprouts at the root.
An older man takes a young wife.
Everything furthers.
Six in the second place means:
Turning to the summit for nourishment,
Deviating from the path
To seek nourishment from the hill.
Continuing to do this brings misfortune.
Nine in the third place means:
The ridgepole sags to the breaking point.
Misfortune.
Six in the third place means:
Turning away from nourishment.
Perseverance brings misfortune.
Do not act thus for ten years.
Nothing serves to further.
Nine in the fourth place means:
The ridgepole is braced. Good fortune.
If there are ulterior motives, it is humiliating.
Six in the fourth place means:
Turning to the summit
For provision of nourishment
Brings good fortune.
Like a tiger with insatiable craving.
No blame.
Nine in the fifth place means:
A withered poplar puts forth flowers.
An older woman takes a husband.
No blame. No praise.
Six in the fifth place means:
Turning away from the path.
To remain persevering brings good fortune.
One should not cross the great water.
Six at the top means:
One must go through the water.
Misfortune. No blame.
Nine at the top means:
The source of nourishment.
Awareness of danger brings good fortune.
It furthers one to cross the great water.
index
43. Kuai / Break-through (Resoluteness) 23. Po / Splitting Apart
31 | 37 above TUI THE JOYOUS, LAKE
below CH’IEN THE CREATIVE, HEAVEN
32 | 40 above KÊN KEEPING STILL, MOUNTAIN
below K’UN THE RECEPTIVE, EARTH
THE JUDGMENT THE JUDGMENT
BREAK-THROUGH. One must resolutely make the matter known
At the court of the king.
It must be announced truthfully. Danger.
It is necessary to notify one’s own city.
It does not further to resort to arms.
It furthers one to undertake something.
SPLITTING APART. It does not further one
To go anywhere.
THE LINES THE LINES
Nine at the beginning means:
Mighty in the forward-striding toes.
When one goes and is not equal to the task,
One makes a mistake.
Six at the beginning means:
The leg of the bed is split.
Those who persevere are destroyed.
Misfortune.
Nine in the second place means:
A cry of alarm. Arms at evening and at night.
Fear nothing.
Six in the second place means:
The bed is split at the edge.
Those who persevere are destroyed.
Misfortune.
Nine in the third place means:
To be powerful in the cheekbones
Brings misfortune.
The superior man is firmly resolved.
He walks alone and is caught in the rain.
He is bespattered,
And people murmur against him.
No blame.
Six in the third place means:
He splits with them. No blame.
Nine in the fourth place means:
There is no skin on his thighs,
And walking comes hard.
If a man were to let himself be led like a sheep,
Remorse would disappear.
But if these words are heard
They will not be believed.
Six in the fourth place means:
The bed is split up to the skin.
Misfortune.
Nine in the fifth place means:
In dealing with weeds,
Firm resolution is necessary.
Walking in the middle
Remains free of blame.
Six in the fifth place means:
A shoal of fishes. Favor comes through the court ladies.
Everything acts to further.
Six at the top means:
No cry.
In the end misfortune comes.
Nine at the top means:
There is a large fruit still uneaten.
The superior man receives a carriage.
The house of the inferior man is split apart.

Index:

1Ch’ien / The Creative
2K’un / The Receptive
3Chun / Difficulty at the Beginning
4Mêng / Youthful Folly
5Hsü / Waiting (Nourishment)
6Sung / Conflict
7Shih / The Army
8Pi / Holding Together [Union]
9Hsiao Ch’u / The Taming Power of the Small
11T’ai / Peace
12P’i / Standstill [Stagnation]
13T’ung Jên / Fellowship with Men
14Ta Yu / Possession in Great Measure
15Ch’ien / Modesty
16Yü / Enthusiasm
17Sui / Following
18Ku / Work on What Has Been Spoiled [Decay]
19Lin / Approach
20Kuan / Contemplation (View)
21Shih Ho / Biting Through
22Pi / Grace
23Po / Splitting Apart
24Fu / Return (The Turning Point)
25Wu Wang / Innocence (The Unexpected)
26Ta Ch’u / The Taming Power of the Great
27I / The Corners of the Mouth (Providing Nourishment)
28Ta Kuo / Preponderance of the Great
29K’an / The Abysmal (Water)
30Li / The Clinging, Fire
31Hsien / Influence (Wooing)
32Hêng / Duration
33Tun / Retreat
34Ta Chuang / The Power of the Great
35Chin / Progress
36Ming I / Darkening of the Light
37Chia Jên / The Family [The Clan]
38K’uei / Opposition
39Chien / Obstruction
40Hsieh / Deliverance
41Sun / Decrease
42I / Increase
43Kuai / Break-through (Resoluteness)
44Kou / Coming to Meet
45Ts’ui / Gathering Together [Massing]
46Shêng / Pushing Upward
47K’un / Oppression (Exhaustion)
48Ching / The Well
49Ko / Revolution (Molting)
50Ting / The Caldron
51Chên / The Arousing (Shock, Thunder)
52Kên / Keeping Still, Mountain
54Kuei Mei / The Marrying Maiden
55Fêng / Abundance [Fullness]
56Lü / The Wanderer
57Sun / The Gentle (The Penetrating, Wind)
58Tui / The Joyous, Lake
59Huan / Dispersion [Dissolution]
60Chieh / Limitation
61Chung Fu / Inner Truth
62Hsiao Kuo / Preponderance of the Small
63Chi Chi / After Completion
64Wei Chi / Before Completion

 0 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 000 100 010 110 001 101 011 111 0 000 2 16 8 45 23 35 20 12 1 100 24 51 3 17 27 21 42 25 2 010 7 40 29 47 4 64 59 6 3 110 19 54 60 58 41 38 61 10 4 001 15 62 39 31 52 56 53 33 5 101 36 55 63 49 22 30 37 13 6 011 46 32 48 28 18 50 57 44 7 111 11 34 5 43 26 14 9 1

Columns are the upper trigrams, rows the lower.
The number at the intersection of a column and row is the King Wen number for the hexagram.
The sum of the column header and row header is the hexagram’s decimal value (24 + 1 = 25 for hexagram 17, for example).
The hexagram’s octal value is just the numbers of the two trigrams (31 for hexagram 17).

The circle-and-square hexagram arrangement, in modern binary numerical sequence (and clockwise).